All cities and counties must have sewage treatment facilities
Recently, the Ministry of Construction issued the "Implementation Plan for the Implementation of the Notice of the State Council on Printing and Distributing the Comprehensive Work Plan for Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction" (hereinafter referred to as the "Program"), pointing out that about 42% of the cities in the country have no sewage treatment capacity and direct sewage treatment. Discharge of water, causing pollution problems. The “Scheme” has determined the target for wastewater emission reduction: by the end of the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, the urban towns where the cities and towns are located should be planned to construct urban sewage centralized treatment facilities; the sewage treatment rate of the cities with cities nationwide should not be less than 70. %, the newly added urban sewage treatment capacity is 45 million tons. The utilization rate of reclaimed water in water-deficient cities has reached more than 20%, and the amount of water reused in newly added cities has reached 3.5 billion cubic meters.
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, by the end of 2006, there were 1,635 county-level zonings (excluding municipal districts and county-level cities). It is difficult to imagine the construction of sewage treatment facilities in so many counties. At present, the current situation of sewage treatment in China is that there are still 42% (257) cities in the country without sewage treatment capacity. The author believes that the focus of the 11th Five-Year Plan for wastewater reduction should also be in the city. In addition, the “Proposal” is not clear enough for the construction of the county sewage treatment facilities, and there is no specific data requirements for the sewage treatment rate, and it is not clear whether it should be built or included in the plan.
In the "to strengthen the operation management and supervision of urban sewage treatment plants", the "Proposal" proposed five specific measures: First, strengthen the inspection, supervision and guidance of the construction and operation of urban sewage treatment facilities, strengthen the construction of supporting pipeline networks, and establish And improve the performance evaluation system for major pollutants (COD) reduction in sewage treatment plants. Second, implement a reporting system for the operation of urban sewage treatment plants included in the national key environmental monitoring, install online monitoring systems within a limited time, and network with the construction department. The third is to establish a database of operational management of urban sewage treatment plants. Fourth, publicly notify cities that have not operated sewage treatment plants and domestic garbage treatment facilities in accordance with regulations and requirements, and rectify within a time limit. Fifth, strictly implement the “Measures for the Administration of Urban Drainage Permits” to further strengthen urban drainage management and ensure the safe and normal operation of drainage facilities.
The five measures have annotated the supervision of the enhanced sewage treatment plant from the perspectives of the evaluation system, monitoring system, management database, notification and drainage permit system. This will be a norm for the status quo of construction and light operation. effect. However, these measures must be implemented and effectively promote the sewage treatment work to achieve the goal of pollution reduction, and more relevant specific supporting policies are needed.