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Ministry of Water Resources organizes World Water Day and China Water Week publicity activities
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March 22 this year is the 14th "World Water Day", and March 22-28 is the 19th "China Water Week". The United Nations has determined that the theme of the 2006 World Water Day is “Water and Culture”. The theme of this year's commemoration of "World Water Day" and the "China Water Week" campaign is "transforming water concepts, innovative development models." The slogan of “World Water Day” and “China Water Week” in 2006 was 1. Change the concept of water use and innovate the development model. 2. Building a water-saving society and promoting the transformation of economic growth mode. 3. Vigorously promote water conservation and build a water-saving society in an all-round way. 4, saving on the basis, pollution control priority. 5. Protect the ecology and maintain the healthy life of the river. 6, cherish the water, protect the water, and let the water benefit mankind. 7. Protect vegetation, conserve water sources, and prevent soil erosion. 8. Protect water resources, protect the water environment, and prevent water pollution. 9. Strengthen rural water conservancy work and build a new socialist countryside. 10. Save water and start with me. 11. Promote administration according to law and achieve water management according to law. 12. Implement the Water Law of the People's Republic of China. 13. Implement the Law of the People's Republic of China on Flood Control. 14. Implement the Law of the People's Republic of China on Soil and Water Conservation. 15. Implement the Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution.
All cities and counties must have sewage treatment facilities
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Recently,theMinistryofConstructionissuedthe"ImplementationPlanfortheImplementationoftheNoticeoftheStateCouncilonPrintingandDistributingtheComprehensiveWorkPlanforEnergyConservationandEmissionReduction"(hereinafterreferredtoasthe"Program"),pointingoutthatabout42%ofthecitiesinthecountryhavenosewagetreatmentcapacityanddirectsewagetreatment.Dischargeofwater,causingpollutionproblems.The“Scheme”hasdeterminedthetargetforwastewateremissionreduction:bytheendofthe“EleventhFive-YearPlan”period,theurbantownswherethecitiesandtownsarelocatedshouldbeplannedtoconstructurbansewagecentralizedtreatmentfacilities;thesewagetreatmentrateofthecitieswithcitiesnationwideshouldnotbelessthan70.%,thenewlyaddedurbansewagetreatmentcapacityis45milliontons.Theutilizationrateofreclaimedwaterinwater-deficientcitieshasreachedmorethan20%,andtheamountofwaterreusedinnewlyaddedcitieshasreached3.5billioncubicmeters. AccordingtotheNationalBureauofStatistics,bytheendof2006,therewere1,635county-levelzonings(excludingmunicipaldistrictsandcounty-levelcities).Itisdifficulttoimaginetheconstructionofsewagetreatmentfacilitiesinsomanycounties.Atpresent,thecurrentsituationofsewagetreatmentinChinaisthattherearestill42%(257)citiesinthecountrywithoutsewagetreatmentcapacity.Theauthorbelievesthatthefocusofthe11thFive-YearPlanforwastewaterreductionshouldalsobeinthecity.Inaddition,the“Proposal”isnotclearenoughfortheconstructionofthecountysewagetreatmentfacilities,andthereisnospecificdatarequirementsforthesewagetreatmentrate,anditisnotclearwhetheritshouldbebuiltorincludedintheplan. Inthe"tostrengthentheoperationmanagementandsupervisionofurbansewagetreatmentplants",the"Proposal"proposedfivespecificmeasures:First,strengthentheinspection,supervisionandguidanceoftheconstructionandoperationofurbansewagetreatmentfacilities,strengthentheconstructionofsupportingpipelinenetworks,andestablishAndimprovetheperformanceevaluationsystemformajorpollutants(COD)reductioninsewagetreatmentplants.Second,implementareportingsystemfortheoperationofurbansewagetreatmentplantsincludedinthenationalkeyenvironmentalmonitoring,installonlinemonitoringsystemswithinalimitedtime,andnetworkwiththeconstructiondepartment.Thethirdistoestablishadatabaseofoperationalmanagementofurbansewagetreatmentplants.Fourth,publiclynotifycitiesthathavenotoperatedsewagetreatmentplantsanddomesticgarbagetreatmentfacilitiesinaccordancewithregulationsandrequirements,andrectifywithinatimelimit.Fifth,strictlyimplementthe“MeasuresfortheAdministrationofUrbanDrainagePermits”tofurtherstrengthenurbandrainagemanagementandensurethesafeandnormaloperationofdrainagefacilities. Thefivemeasureshaveannotatedthesupervisionoftheenhancedsewagetreatmentplantfromtheperspectivesoftheevaluationsystem,monitoringsystem,managementdatabase,notificationanddrainagepermitsystem.Thiswillbeanormforthestatusquoofconstructionandlightoperation.effect.However,thesemeasuresmustbeimplementedandeffectivelypromotethesewagetreatmentworktoachievethegoalofpollutionreduction,andmorerelevantspecificsupportingpoliciesareneeded.
Industry experts work together to treat sludge in China
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WiththeaccelerationofurbansewagetreatmentandtheconstructionofsewagetreatmentfacilitiesinChina,theurbansewagetreatmentratehasbeencontinuouslyimproved,andtheproblemofsafetreatmentanddisposalofsludgehasbecomeincreasinglyprominent,whichhasbecomeanewproblemandnewchallengeinsewagetreatmentandenvironmentaltreatment.Accordingtostatistics,from1978to2004,thesludgesludgeproductionofthenationalsewagetreatmentplantincreasedfrom150tons/dayto33,000tons/day.Mostsewagetreatmentplantslacksludgedisposalfacilities,andthesludgehasnotbeensafelydisposed. Atthe6thAsia-PacificInfrastructureDevelopmentMinisterialForumandthe2ndChinaInternationalConferenceonUrbanWaterDevelopment,anumberofexpertsfromenterprisesanduniversitiesgatheredtogethertodiscussthe“sludgetreatmentandresourcetechnology”.Atopictocarryoutin-depthdiscussionsandexchanges,toopena"prescription"fortheproblemofsludgetreatmentinChina. Status:sludgetreatmentisimminent “Atpresent,thedailysewagetreatmentcapacityofBeijingsewagetreatmentplantisabout2100tons,whichproducesalargeamountofsludge.Morethan80%ofthesludgedoesnotreachharmlessdisposal,andonlyone-fifthofthesludgeistreatedbycomposting.Nutrientsoil,usedforfarmlandandlandscaping,butthedegreeofharmlessnessofthissimplecompostingsludgeisalsoverylow.”YangXiangping,generalmanagerofBeijingUrbanDrainageGroupCo.,Ltd.saidthatduetotheconstructionoftheearlysewagetreatmentplantTheconstructionofsludgetreatmentrelatedfacilities,thecurrentsludgetreatmenthasbecomeaheadache. Conventionalsludgetechnologiesincludesludgelandfill,sludgecomposting,sludgedrying,sludgeincineration,etc.,allofwhichhavevariousproblems.Sludgelandfillswilloccupyalargeamountoflandandwillalsopollutethegroundwater.Fertilizersludgetreatmentwillcauseaseriesofproblemssuchasburningseedlings,saltdamage,pestsanddiseases,andweedseeds.Inaddition,duetothehighmoisturecontentofthesludgeitself,theenergyconsumptionduringthetreatmentanddisposalprocessislarge. Problem:Therearemanydrawbacks YangXiangpingpointedoutthatsludgedisposalshouldnotover-emphasizeresourceutilization,andshouldadjust“resource-reduction-stabilization-harmlessness”to“stabilization-reduction-harmless-resource-resource”Thestabilizationandreductionofmudisthemostimportant,followedbyharmlessnessandresourceutilization.HangShizhensaidthatatpresent,themainbodyofresponsibilityforsludgetreatmentinChinaisnotclear,andthereisnoreliableeconomicsupportsystem.Thecostofsludgetreatmentisnotincludedinthecostofthesewagetreatmentplant.Inaddition,thestandardforsludgedisposalinChinaisthehighestintheworld,buttheactualleveloftreatmentisnothigh.Thisstandardsystemisveryunreasonable. Atpresent,China'ssludgetreatmentanddisposaltechnologyalsohasmanyproblems.ProfessorYanJianhuaofZhejiangUniversitypointedoutthatthetreatmentmethodofdirectsludgeincinerationisanexpedientmeasure.Theexistingsludgeincinerationdisposalsystemhasalowdesignlevelandlackstechnicalspecificationsforsludgeincineration.Andsludgedryingandincinerationsystemwithindependentintellectualpropertyrights. Thepulse:theexpertshaveprescribedprescriptions InviewoftheproblemsexistinginthecurrentsludgetreatmentanddisposalandresourceutilizationinChina,theexpertsatthemeetinggavetheiropinionsandsuggestionsfromdifferentangles. “Thedisposalofsludgeshouldbetailoredtothelocalconditionsanddiversifiedintechnology,sothattheamountofsludgeproducedandusedcanbebalanced.”HangShizhensaidthateconomicallydevelopedlargecitiesandspecialareascanbeburnedbyheatoranaerobicdigestion+dehydration+drying.+Thewaytolandfill.Whenheavymetalsinsmallandmedium-sizedtownsarenotserious,thecompostproductsshouldbeactivelydevelopedforlandscapingandsoilimprovement.Whenheavymetalsdonotexceedthestandard,compostproductsareusedinagriculturetoreplacepartofthefertilizer.Inaddition,theuseofsludgeco-firingtechnologyshouldbeprudent,anditisnecessarytofullytestandformulaterelevantstandardsandregulations.Thesludgedryingshouldbeusedasabuildingmaterialforin-depthresearchandproductiontestsofacertainscale.Thesludgedryingtechnologyandengineeringfacilitiesshouldbestudied.Thegovernmentshallhavecorrespondingresponsibilitiesforsludgedisposalwork,andestablishaplanning,design,construction,andoperationmanagementproceduresforsimultaneoussludgedisposalprojects,andestablisharegulatoryagencyforsludgesafetydisposal. YangXiangpingpointedoutthatitisnecessarytoestablishrelevantregulationsandpoliciesforsludgedisposalaccordingtoChina'snationalconditions,determinethestandardsandstagetargetsforsludgetreatment,improvethesupervisionsystemforpipenetworkdischargeandsludgesafedisposal,andestablishaspecialplanforsludgedisposal.Increasetheinvestmentinsludgesafedisposalfacilities,implementrelevantpoliciesandfundsforsludgedisposal,andcontinuouslydevelopandgraduallyabsorbandpromotenewtechnologiesofharmlessandresource-basedsludgedisposal. ChenTongbin,aresearcherattheInstituteofGeographicalSciencesandNaturalResourcesResearch,ChineseAcademyofSciences,introducedthecompletesetoftechnologiesforsludgeautomaticcontrolcompostingandresourceutilization.Aftermanyyearsofexperimentsandcasestudiesby
The relevant person in charge of the State Environmental Protection Administration pointed out the seriousness of administrative
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The relevant person in charge of the State Environmental Protection Administration pointed out the total amount of sewage discharged from the basin. Administration according to law, seriousness of safeguarding national environmental information Recently, Liu Hongzhi, deputy director of the Pollution Control Department of the State Environmental Protection Administration, said in an interview with the reporter that the Huaihe River Water Resources Commission issued the so-called "the first watershed to limit the total amount of pollutant discharge". The Huaihe River Water Resources Commission disregarded the national laws and regulations and violated the "five "The Huaihe River Basin limits the total amount of pollutant discharge, and arbitrarily issued opinions on limiting the total amount of pollutant discharge, disturbing the audio-visual and disturbing the normal operation of the national sewage discharge control work. Liu Hongzhi pointed out that Article 32 of Chapter IV of the Water Law of the People's Republic of China clearly stipulates that “the water administrative department or the watershed management agency of the people's government at or above the county level shall comply with the water quality requirements of the water function zone and the natural purification capacity of the water body. Approving the water pollution capacity of the waters, and submitting opinions on the total amount of pollutant discharge in the waters to the environmental protection administrative department. The Huaihe River Water Resources Commission should scientifically verify and submit to the environmental protection department a proposal to limit the total amount of pollutant discharge, instead of issuing it by itself. Liu Hongzhi pointed out that during the "Ninth Five-Year Plan" and "Tenth Five-Year Plan" period, the State Environmental Protection Administration, together with the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Water Resources and other relevant departments, and the Huaihe River Basin water pollution prevention and control plan and the "Ninth Five-Year Plan" jointly formulated and implemented jointly by the four provinces along the Huai River. (hereinafter referred to as the "Ninth Five-Year Plan") and the "10th Five-Year Plan for Water Pollution Prevention and Control in the Huaihe River Basin" (hereinafter referred to as the "10th Five-Year Plan"), all approved by the State Council, which have clear requirements for the total amount of pollutant discharge. The "Ninth Five-Year Plan" requires that the total discharge of chemical oxygen demand in the whole basin be controlled to 360,000 tons by the year 2000. The "10th Five-Year Plan" requires that the total discharge of chemical oxygen demand in the whole basin be controlled to 46.6 by 2005. Ten thousand tons, while requiring a total amount of ammonia nitrogen emissions of 91,000 tons. The Huaihe River Water Conservancy Commission arbitrarily released the control of chemical oxygen demand in the basin at 382,000 tons/year and ammonia nitrogen at 26,600 tons/year, which clearly violated the requirements of the “10th Five-Year Plan” limit that the State Council has already determined, and the water resources with the Ministry of Water Resources. [2005] No. 107 officially submitted to the Office of the "Opinions on the Limitation of Total Emissions from the Huaihe River Basin", suggesting that the total amount of chemical oxygen demand and ammonia nitrogen in the Huaihe River Basin is 460,000 tons/year and 32,800 tons/year, respectively. The opinions are not consistent, causing questions from relevant parties. Liu Hongzhi said that as a basic system of environmental protection work, total control was established as early as the third National Environmental Protection Conference in 1989. In 1996, the State Council approved the implementation of the “National Major Pollutant Discharge Total Control Plan during the Ninth Five-Year Plan” and the “Huaihe River Basin Water Pollution Prevention Plan and the “Ninth Five-Year Plan”, which clearly stated the total discharge of chemical oxygen demand in the Huaihe River Basin. The target of quantity has established an operational mechanism for the allocation, control and assessment of aggregate indicators. The Huaihe River Water Resources Commission has rushed to issue a total opinion on limiting the total amount of pollutant discharge. How can it be called "the first one"? Liu Hongzhi pointed out that we have had a lot of profound lessons on data monitoring and environmental information release. In 2000, when a sodium cyanide rollover accident occurred in Danfeng County, Shaanxi Province, and a department first released a serious and untrue environmental information, which had a negative impact on social stability and foreign trade, the relevant departments of the central government were in the discipline of strict reporting on environmental pollution accidents. The Notice of the Notice cle
2007 Water Industry West Miles Successfully Completed
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The three "Western Water Industry Miles" activities were officially launched from Beijing on September 26 this year. The itinerary was 10,500 kilometers. After 19 days, it ended successfully on October 14. The Western Water Industry Miles was jointly initiated by China Water Network, Environmental Chamber of Commerce, Jinzhou Environmental Group, Tianjin Entrepreneurship Environmental Protection and Changsha Water Industry Group. Beijing Drainage Group, Veolia Water, Tongfang Water, Huijin Water, Gome Water With the participation of other units, more than 30 water industry entrepreneurs, scholars and various professionals participated in the whole process. This activity adheres to the concept of “Western Water Industry Miles, Convergence of Hope and True Feeling”. The self-driving team passes through Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Gansu, Xinjiang, Shaanxi and other western provinces, and enjoys the most beautiful Populus euphratica in China in the northwestern Ejina Banner in Inner Mongolia. The waters of the dead Populus euphratica "the strange forest", relying on the black city of the desert in the desert where the black water generals did not lose the city's story, "small small Yanhai, connected with Zhongnanhai", feeling that half of it is lake water Half of it is desert; to the Kanas Lake in the north of the country to enjoy the autumn scenery of the Nordic scenery, the only river flowing into the Arctic Ocean in China, the largest tributary of the Irtysh River, the Burqin River flows here, Wolong Bay, Shenxian Bay, Moon Bay Strings of beautiful names succinctly show her wonderful magic; excited by the colorful river sunset, the water of the Brento Sea tastes its faint salty. Water, in the west, her connotation is so rich, desert Gobi wild sands, dead trees, decay, death, and her closely related; grassland cattle, sheep, fruit, Huyang village, vitality, beauty, all because of her existence, relying on snow mountains, The nourishment of lakes and rivers. The true meaning of life and water has a shocking interpretation here. The road is long, the car is in a hurry, the servant returns, the nightmare is undecided; the bath is mad, the snow is foggy, the hunger is cold, the sandstone is flooded with the slabs; the people walk, the heart cherishes, and the galaxy is silent. Chewing slowly, doing thousands of miles, more or less always have some aftertaste and harvest.
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